The Chain of Survival
Dr Richard Cummins from Seattle, USA, discovered that if a series of events took place in a set sequence, a heart attack victim has a greater chance of survival. These events are known as th 'Chain of Survival'
- Early Access to the patient, including early recognition of the condition and call for help. Chance of survival increases by 5%
- Early Basic Life Support (Rescue Breathing and External Chest Compressions) Chance of survival increases by 10%
- Early Defibrillation (An electric shock to restart the heart) Chance of survival increases by 75%
- Early Advanced Life Support (Drug therapies to maintain condition)
Community First Responders are trained in providing the first three events in this chain.